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PostSubject: Study Guide   14/12/08, 05:19 pm

Ch. 1: Biology in the 21st Century

Be able to define these terms-

Asexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Homeostasis
Biotechnology
Biology
Hypothesis
Theory
Independent Variable
Dependent variable
Resolution
Cell
Unicellular organism
Multicellular organism
Model
Inference
Genomics

Key Concepts-

1. List the themes that unify the study of Biology
2. Explain the characteristics that are considered distinct properties of living things.
3. Identify the control and experimental groups, independent and dependent variables, and constants in an experimental design.
4. Know the steps in the scientific method
5. Identify base units of measurements and convert units in the metric system.
6. Identify and label parts of the microscope, how to determine magnification and limitations of various microscopes.
7. Explain how the study of biology relates to your personal experience
8. Understand standard safety practices


Ch 2: Chemistry of Life

Define-
Atom
Molecule
Atomic Number
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Hydroxide ion
Hydronium ion
Polar
Carbohydrate
Phospholipids
Triglyceride
Compound
Chemical reaction
Mass
Matter
Catalyst
Saturated solution
Adhesion
Organic compound
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
ATP
Endergonic energy
Product
Reactant
Activation Energy
Element
Cohesion
Amino acid
Monosaccharide
Protein
Functional group
Acid
Base
Alkaline
Dissociation
pH
concentration
hydrogen bond
lipid
nucleic acid
steroid
non-polar
solution
solvent
solute

Key Concepts-
1. Review element symbols
2. Be able to determine the number of protons, electrons, and neutrons in an atom from the periodic table
3. Describe the location of subatomic particles
4. Explain how electrons fill energy levels.
5. Describe the process of elements combining covalently and ionically
6. Explain the values indicated on a pH scale and understand how to read a pH paper.
7. Tell why water is a very good solvent
8. Identify what monomers and polymers are and how polymers are broken down
9. Provide examples of lipids, monosaccharides, polysaccharides, disaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids.
10. Identify the properties, structures, and functions of organic macromolecule
11. Summarize the role of enzymes in living things
12. Describe the lock-and-key structure of enzymes and their substrates
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